nickel ore and dangers liquefaction

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  • The dangers of carrying nickel ore cargo and the ...

    Sep 17, 2018· Photo credit: Shipspotting. The West of England P&I Club has warned operators and others involved of the dangers of carrying nickel ore. Carrying nickel ore can be dangerous, because of the risk of liquefaction of the cargo on passage when the moisture content is higher than the cargos Flow Moisture Point (FMP).

  • Cargo - Nickel Ore

    Sep 14, 2018· The dangers associated with the carriage of nickel ore, due to the risk of liquefaction of the cargo on passage when the moisture content is higher

  • Nickel ore - a liquefaction risk - SAFETY4SEA

    Jun 27, 2018· Liquefaction risks of nickel ore cargoes from Indonesia and the Philippines have been a long-standing prominent issue which require constant vigilance and review by shipowners and charterers. Since 2010, the liquefaction of nickel ore cargoes has caused the capsize of seven vessels. The recent capsize of MV Emerald Star in October 2017 once ...

  • Nickel ore - a liquefaction risk - SAFETY4SEA

    Jun 27, 2018· Liquefaction risks of nickel ore cargoes from Indonesia and the Philippines have been a long-standing prominent issue which require constant vigilance and review by shipowners and charterers. Since 2010, the liquefaction of nickel ore

  • Despite Warnings, Nickel Ore Cargo Dangers Persist

    May 15, 2017· Despite years of warnings about the risk of cargo liquefaction in shipments of bulk nickel ore, terminals in the Philippines continue to load

  • Nickel ore - a liquefaction risk - Skuld

    Jun 21, 2018· Nickel ore - a liquefaction risk 21 June 2018 Liquefaction risks of nickel ore cargoes from Indonesia and the Philippines have been a long-standing prominent issue which require constant vigilance and review by shipowners and charterers. Since 2010, the liquefaction of nickel ore cargoes has caused the capsize of seven vessels.

  • Dangers of carrying Nickel Ore from Indonesia and the ...

    Dangers of carrying Nickel Ore from Indonesia and the Philippines Mandatory Notification Requirements ... The liquefaction of such cargoes has resulted in the sinking of a number of ships with a loss of many lives in the last 18 months. Nickel ore is a cargo which may liquefy if the mois-

  • Philippine Liquefaction of Nickel Ore - Japan P&I Club

    Nov 06, 2015· Please let us refer you to our circular 0-026 dated 1 st Feb. 2011, Indonesia and the Philippines Safe Carriage of Nickel Ore Cargoes.There has been increase of nickel ore shipment from Philippine as Indonesia banned this shipment in 2014. In addition, due to rainy season now at local, it appears that some vessels have faced liquefaction problems.

  • liquefaction Maritime Accident Casebook

    Last Decembers loss of the supramax bulk carrier Vinalines Queen and 22 of her 23 crew off Northern Luzon in the Philippines is a a stark reminder of the continuing dangers associated with the carriage of nickel ore says the London P&I Club, which covered the ship.. On 10 September 2009 another of same companys vessels, Vinalines Mighty, was forced to return to return to the port ...

  • Nickel ore bulk liquefaction a handymax incident and ...

    Jul 15, 2017· Nickel ore liquefaction has a direct correlation between the parameters of moisture content (MC) within the cargo and the response motion of the ship steering through its encountering weather condition at seas. The focus parameter of the potential onset of liquefaction is the amount of moisture content within the cargo.

  • Industry News: Nickel Ore Liquefaction Risks Remain in ...

    Sep 02, 2020· The carriage of nickel ore is problematic as it is a cargo which may liquefy if the moisture content of the material exceeds its Transportable Moisture Limit (TML). Heavy rainfalls on uncovered stockpiles increase this risk of liquefaction. Cargo liquefaction can lead to a loss of stability, to the extent that the ship may capsize.

  • Industry News: Nickel Ore Liquefaction Risks Remain in ...

    Sep 02, 2020· There have been several reports in recent months of liquefaction of nickel ore cargoes loaded in the Philippines, in particular Surigao. The carriage of nickel ore is problematic as it is a cargo which may liquefy if the moisture content of the material exceeds its Transportable Moisture Limit (TML).

  • Precautions against bulk cargo which may liquefy

    Fig: Iron ore liquefaction. ... four Bulk carrying vessels and 66 seafarers in little under 12 months INTERCARGO has sought to highlight the potential dangers of carrying Nickel Ore cargoes. The guide gives practical advice to shippers, shipowners and charterers. The guide also points to other areas of assistance including from a vessel's P&I Club.

  • Liquefaction the latest position

    The circular also follows a period of significant comment on ore cargoes generally and the risks of Liquefaction posed in the transportation of such cargoes. Five bulk carriers have been lost over the past two years following what is widely assumed to have been the liquefaction of their cargoes of nickel ore.

  • Nickel Ore Liquefaction Risks Still Exist - North

    Members are reminded of our Circulars in relation to loading nickel ore and the requirement to notify North when planning to load nickel ore from the Philippines or Indonesia. Circular Ref: 2012/023 Dangers of Carrying Nickel Ore from Indonesia and the Philippines

  • Nickel Ore and Other Bulk Cargoes Risks of Liquefaction ...

    Nickel Ore and Other Bulk Cargoes Risks of Liquefaction. 8 September 2020. With a number of typhoons forecast to affect shipping in the East China sea, the monsoon season in India starting in October, and a recent instance of cargo liquefaction occurring on a bulk carrier which had loaded a cargo of nickel ore at Surigao, Philippines ...

  • MARITIME BULK CARGO LIQUEFACTION - ICS Class

    Liquefaction is a phenomenon in which a soil-like material is abruptly transformed from a solid dry state to an almost fluid state. Many common bulk cargoes, such as iron ore fines, nickel ore and various mineral concentrates, are examples of materials that may liquefy. If liquefaction occurs on board a vessel, the stability

  • MARITIME BULK CARGO LIQUEFACTION

    Harita Bauxite 50k 1983 15 16 February 2013 Nickel ore Indonesia Trans Summer 57k 2012 0 14 August 2013 Nickel ore Philippines Bulk Jupiter 56k 2006 18 2 February 2015 Bauxite Malaysia Alam Manis 56k 2007 1 17 July 2015 Nickel ore Philippines Emarald Star 57k 2010 10 13 October 2017 Nickel ore Indonesia Table 1 Liquefaction accidents

  • Analysing the effects of liquefaction on capsizing through ...

    Nov 01, 2020· Daoud et al. (2018) evaluated the liquefaction potential of ore under swell motion by dynamic numerical model. Ju et al. (2016) used Plaxis liquefaction model (UBC3D-PLM) in order to assess cargo liquefaction potential and its impact on ship stability with an experimental approach.

  • Dangers of Shifting Cargoes! Tackling Cargo Liquefaction ...

    Sep 01, 2016· Nickel ore, iron ore fines and bauxite for instance, have all exhibited liquefaction properties despite being originally unclassified or listed as Group C cargoes. Nickel Ore. Has been referred to as The Deadliest Cargo. Nickel ore carriage represents just 0.06% of world trade since 2010, but has resulted in 80% of deaths at sea.

  • Cargo Alert -be aware of the liquefaction danger of ...

    Nov 08, 2017· Cargo Alert - Be aware of the liquefaction danger of loading nickel ore from Philippines and Indonesia ... BIMCO has, in the past, informed members (see below news articles) about the risks involved with the carriage of nickel ore. BIMCO would once again urge members to contact their P&I club for professional guidance, should they wish to fix ...

  • Nickel Ore Liquefaction Another Tragic Episode

    Sep 09, 2019· Nickel Ore Liquefaction Another Tragic Episode Elena. 9 Sep 2019 ... with the intent of facilitating the safe stowage and shipment of solid bulk cargoes by providing information on the dangers associated with the shipment of certain types of cargo and instructions on the procedures to be adopted. The gap in the system, however, is that ...

  • Guidelines for the safe carriage of Nickel Ore

    challenges and risk of cargo liquefaction persist. Recommendations The nickel ore schedule was first introduced in the 2013 edition of the IMSBC Code and became mandatory on 1 January 2015. Despite the numerous circulars on the safe carriage of nickel ore and its entry in the IMSBC Code, liquefaction incidents still occur.

  • CARGO LIQUEFACTION AND DANGERS TO SHIPS - IFSMA

    The cause of the sinking has not yet been definitively known but nickel ore is known to suffer the risk of liquefaction, if the moisture content of the cargo exceeds the transportable moisture limit (TML) when loaded. It is very possible that all three vessels capsized and were lost as a result of cargo liquefaction.

  • The Hazard of Liquefaction and What You Need to Know

    Aug 30, 2019· Nickel ore has earned the reputation of being perhaps the worlds deadliest cargo because of its liquefaction properties, especially when exposed to wet conditions. Cargo liquefaction can result in a vessel to lose stability and even capsize at a moments notice. ... The dangers of liquefaction are increased even further by faulty hatch ...

  • Nickel ore liquefaction could have returned to haunt ...

    Oct 16, 2017· Nickel ore is a high-risk Group A cargo in the International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes Code. It is highly susceptible to liquefaction. The number of vessel casualties blamed on nickel ore liquefaction has fallen in recent years after a spurt in the first part of the decade. in part due to an export ban on nickel ore and bauxite from Indonesia.

  • Liquefying Bulk Cargoes - American Club

    Concerns about nickel ore Demand for nickel ore International regulations: IMSBC Code Characteristics of liquefaction Risks to vessel Ship staff controlling loading? Compliance with IMSBC Code: What is really going on Insurance implications . P. AGE. 2 .

  • West of England reiterates danger of liquefied nickel ore ...

    Sep 26, 2018· The dangers associated with the carriage of nickel ore due to the risk of liquefaction of the cargo when the moisture content rises to higher than the cargos Flow Moisture Point (FMP), were well known, but bore repeating, says West of England in a new article. Following a succession of ships being lost where liquefaction...

  • Dangers of carrying Nickel Ore from Indonesia and the ...

    Nickel ore is a cargo which may liquefy if the moisture content of the material exceeds its Transportable Moisture Limit (TML). Cargo liquefaction may lead to a loss of stability, to the extent that the ship may capsize. Due to the numerous dangers and difficulties associated with this particular cargo, the International Group is actively

  • Nickel Ore and Dangers Liquefaction - slideshare

    Aug 17, 2011· However, nickel ore is acargo which may liquefy if the moisture content of the material reaches or exceeds its transportablemoisture limit (TML).

  • LIQUEFACTION - SNF

    and nickel ore, mainly exported from Indonesia, the Philippines and New Caledonia. Shipping Countries List Of Accidents LIQUEFACTION ACCIDENTS (1988 2017) BY CARGOES AND SHIPPING COUNTRIES Bauxite 5% Fluorspar 5% Nickel Ore 43% Iron Ore 47% 24% 9% 9% 48%

  • INTERCARGO frustrated over lack of action on nickel ore ...

    Sep 01, 2019· In June 2018, Skuld, a leading marine insurance provider, noted that liquefaction risks of nickel ore cargoes from Indonesia and the Philippines have been a long-standing prominent issue which require constant vigilance and review by shipowners and charterers. Since 2010, Skuld said, the liquefaction of nickel ore cargoes caused the capsize of seven vessels.

  • Cargo Alert -be aware of the liquefaction danger of ...

    Nov 08, 2017· Cargo Alert - Be aware of the liquefaction danger of loading nickel ore from Philippines and Indonesia ... BIMCO has, in the past, informed members (see below news articles) about the risks involved with the carriage of nickel ore. BIMCO would once again urge members to contact their P&I club for professional guidance, should they wish to fix ...

  • Member Alert - Dangers With Respect to the Carriage of ...

    Because of this risk of liquefaction, nickel ore is subject to the provisions of SOLAS and the IMSBC Code regarding the testing and certification of cargoes that are liable to liquefy which are identified as Group A hazards. Members contemplating carriage of nickel ore are therefore advised to

  • Cargo Liquefaction Risk and Nickel Ore Exports - mfame.guru

    Sep 01, 2017· Unlike liquefaction of granular materials, where increased pore water pressure is the trigger, liquefaction of clay-like materials such as nickel ore involves fatigue of the material. Stresses on the material from loading and due to ship motion and vibrations reduce the cohesion and strength of

  • Nickel Ore Liquefaction Eyed in Bulker Sinking Off ...

    Oct 13, 2017· Nickel ore, a high-risk Group A cargo in the International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes Code, is notoriously known to be highly susceptible to liquefaction, that is

  • Charterers' liability: Nickel Ore - urgent warning on ...

    Nov 16, 2010· Recent high profile casualties involving nickel ore from Indonesia have once more brought this problem to the front pages. As a result Intercargo has released a Warning (news release 03/10) reminding owners and operators of the very serious risks involved. The risks involved, such as capsized vessels, lost vessels, crew deaths, are well known.

  • The danger in shipping nickel ore by sea

    Apr 07, 2015· Nickel ore, which accounts for 73 percent of the worlds overall nickel resources, has the tendency to transform into slurry during voyage, causing the vessel to lose balance and capsize. According to Intercargo, nickel ore is prone to a phenomenon called liquefaction, in which the water separates from the ore due to moisture and ever ...

  • Liquefaction of Nickel Ore cargoes

    Aug 20, 2015· The ship had loaded Nickel ore from the Philippine Island of Surigao. Bulk carriers have been facing the issue of Liquefaction for a long time with the loss of some ships being attributed to liquefaction of Iron Ore exported from India.

  • Search Results for liquefaction Maritime Accident Casebook

    Liquefaction is the phenomenon by which, under certain circumstances, a dry bulk cargo typically an ore, and often iron ore fines, behaves like a liquid. When the vessel rolls to one side the liquefied cargo moves to the lower side of the vessel, then lock in place as a mass, producing a list. An opposite roll can re-liquefy the cargo.

  • Cargo liquefaction - SlideShare

    Jan 18, 2014· Footnotes 1 See for instance the article Liquefaction of unprocessed mineral ores - Iron ore fines and nickel ore in Gard News issue No. 197. 2 See Gard P&I Member circulars No. 16/10 (iron ore fines) and No. 23/10 (nickel ore). 3 See Gard Loss Prevention Circular No. 6/11. 4 See Gard Alert of September 2011. 5 DSC.1/Circ.66 (revised in ...

  • Focus on enforcement and training as liquefaction ...

    Sep 20, 2019· Heightened risks for domestic traffic. A ban on Indonesian nickel ore exports, which was brought forward to January 2020 from 2022, while hitting supramax demand, should lead to a decline in liquefaction-related incidents for the international fleet, but domestic trades may rise, posing further risks, according to Braemar-ACM.